Music is an art form that involves organized and audible sounds and silence. This is most often expressed in terms of pitch (which includes melody and harmony), rhythm (which includes tempo and meter), and sound quality. Music can also involve complex forms of time creation by creating patterns and combinations of natural stimuli, especially sound. Music can be used for artistic and aesthetic, communication, entertainment or ceremonial purposes.
The meaning of what makes up music varies according to the cultural and social context. If painting can be perceived as a form of fine art, music can be perceived as a sound art form.
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The broadest definition of music is organized sound. There are visible patterns of how widely music is labeled, and although there are understandable cultural differences, musical characteristics are characteristics of sound as perceived and processed by humans and animals (music is also made up of birds and insects).
Music is shaped like organized sound. Although it does not contain emotions, it is sometimes designed to manipulate and change the listener’s / listener’s emotions. Music created for movies is a good example of its use to manipulate emotions.
Greek philosophers and medieval theorists described music as tones arranged horizontally as melodies and upright as harmonies. Music theory in this area is studied on the assumption that music is fluent and often pleasant to listen to. In the 20th century, however, composers questioned the idea that music could be comfortable by making music that would discover much darker and darker tones.
The existence of some modern genres, such as grindcore and noise music, used in a wide underground addition, shows that even the smallest sounds can be considered music if the listener is very inclined. 20th-century composer John Cage disagreed with the idea that music should have beautiful, recognizable melodies, and questioned the idea that it could convey everything.
However, he claims that all the sounds we hear can be music, he says, for example, “No sound, just sound, “The boundary between music and sound is always defined by culture – which means that even in society, this boundary does not always go in the same direction. . . place; in short, there is rarely a consensus. In all cases, there is no single and intercultural universal concept that explains what music is. ”
Johann Wolfgang Goethe believed that patterns and forms are the basis of music; he explained that “architecture is frozen music”.
The figures play stringed instruments, excavated in Susa, 3rd millennium BC. National Museum of Iran. The history of music precedes the written word and is connected with the development of every unique human culture. Although the oldest records of musical expression can be found in the Sama Veda of India and 4,000 years of cuneiform from Uru, most of our written records and studies deal with the history of music in Western civilization.
It includes musical periods such as the Middle Ages, Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic and 20th century music. The history of music in other cultures has also been documented to some extent, and knowledge of “world music” (or the field of “ethnomusicology”) has been increasingly sought by academic groups. It includes documented classical traditions in Asian countries other than Western European influences, such as folk or indigenous music in various cultures.
(The term world music is applied to a wide range of music produced outside Europe and European influences, even as the first application in the context of Wesleyan University’s World Music Program. It is a term that covers all possible music genres, including European traditions. world music “comparative musicology” in the middle of the twentieth century replaced by “ethnomusicology”, which some still consider insufficient foreign exchange.
Popular music styles vary greatly from culture to culture and from time to time. Different cultures emphasize different instruments, techniques or musical uses. Music is used not only for entertainment, ceremonies, practical and artistic communication, but also for propaganda.
As world cultures approach, their original musical styles are constantly intertwined with new styles. For example, the bluegrass style in the United States has elements from Anglo-Irish, Scottish, Irish, German, and some African-American instrumental and vocal traditions, allowing American society to combine a multi-ethnic “melting pot.”
There are many classifications of music, most of which fall into the argument about the importance of music. Among the largest is the difference between classical music (such as “art” music) and popular music (such as commercial music – including rock and roll, country music and popular music). Other genres do not fit into any of these “big two” classifications (such as folk, world or jazz).
Music genres are defined by tradition and presentation as well as real music. While most classical music is acoustic and is intended to be performed by individuals or groups, many works described as “classical” include samples or tapes or mechanical. Other works, such as Gershwin’s Rhapsody in Blue, are attributed to jazz and classical music. Many music festivals today celebrate a particular music genre.
There is always a misunderstanding of what “real” music is: the later stages of Beethoven’s string quartets, Stravinsky’s ballet score, serialism, bebop jazz, rap, punk rock and electronics are criticized by some as non-musical. were first introduced.
The traditional or classical European aspects of music that are often mentioned are the elements that take precedence in classical music influenced by Europe: melody, harmony, rhythm, tone or timbre and form. A more comprehensive list provides an expression of the aspects of sound: pitch, tint, volume, and duration.
These aspects combine to form secondary aspects, including structure, texture and style. Other commonly included aspects include spatial placement, such as spatial movement of sounds, movement, and dance. Silence has long been considered an aspect of music, from the dramatic pauses of Romantic symphonies to the avant-garde use of silence as an artistic expression in 20th century works such as John Cage 4’33. “John Cage considers duration to be a major aspect of music because it is the only common aspect of ‘sound’ and ‘silence.’
As mentioned above, not only the aspects recorded as music differ, but also their significance. For example, melodies and harmonies are often considered more important in classical music at the expense of rhythm and timbre. It is often debated whether there are aspects of music that are universal. The debate often depends on definitions. For example, the relatively common claim that “tonality” is universal in all music requires a broad definition of tonality.
Pulse is sometimes taken as a universal, but there are solo vocal and instrumental genres with free, improvisational rhythms without a regular pulse;  An example is the alap part of a Hindustan musical performance. According to Dan Harwood: “We have to ask whether intercultural music universals can be found in music itself (or its structure or function) or the way music is made. real performance, but also how music is heard, understood, and even learned.
Music is composed and produced for many purposes, from aesthetic pleasure, religious or ceremonial purposes or as an entertainment product for the market. Amateur musicians compose and create music for their own pleasure and do not try to take music income. Professional musicians are employed in various institutions and organizations, including the armed forces, churches and synagogues, symphony orchestras, broadcast or film production companies, and music schools. Professional musicians also work freelance and seek contracts and relationships in a variety of settings.
Although amateur musicians differ from professional musicians because amateur musicians have a non-musical source of income, there are always many links between amateur and professional musicians. Beginner amateur musicians learn from professional musicians. In a normal environment, advanced amateur musicians perform alongside professional musicians in various ensembles and orchestras. In some rare cases, amateur musicians have reached a professional level of competence and are able to perform in a professional environment.
A distinction is always made between music created for the benefit of a live audience and music created for the purpose of recording and distribution through a music sales or broadcasting system. However, one does exist